Melasma is a stubborn kind of hyperpigmentation that is possibly the world’s most irritating skin condition. Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by brown to gray-brown spots and facial pigmentation. It can also affect the back, arms, neck, and other sun-exposed areas of the body. The majority of people get it on their cheeks, upper lip, and forehead, bridge of their nose, chin, and other areas. Melasma is more common in women than males, especially people with dark skin, and can affect anyone between the ages of 20 and 40.
What Triggers Melasma?
The pigmentation is caused due to overproduction of melanin by the pigment cells triggered by causes like:
- Hormonal changes
- Severe temperature changes along with Sun exposure
- Oral contraceptive pills
Diagnosis and Treatment of Melasma
A doctor can diagnose melasma merely by looking at your skin. Your medical history will assist in determining any variables that may have contributed to the illness. However, treatment varies depending on the cause and kind of Melasma. Melasma on the epidermis responds faster than melasma on the dermis. Wood’s Lamp can help you understand the depth of melasma. In some situations, your dermatologist may need to remove a section of your skin to perform a biopsy.
Depending on the exact cause, the best treatment for Melasma includes:
Microdermabrasion is one treatment option for melasma, which helps to eliminate melasma areas by exfoliating the skin with ultrafine crystals and encouraging skin cell renewal. To achieve the optimum outcomes, a series of treatments every 7-10 days is required.
Melasma can be effectively treated with laser toning. It has the ability to significantly reduce the size, uniformity, and coloration of melasma lesions. Melasma treatment with laser toning is a safe and effective option.
Chemical peels are liquid solutions that are applied to the skin to cause a slight chemical burn that is similar to a sunburn. The burned layers peel away over time, revealing fresh, new skin. The strength of chemical peels differs. Glycolic acid is one of the mildest, thus it is less likely to cause scarring or skin discoloration. If alternative treatments are ineffective, chemical peels may be applied.
Intense Pulsed Light therapy:
Intense Pulsed Light therapy uses certain wavelengths of light to target and remove pigmented areas of skin.
See your doctor if you notice any unexplained skin darkening. Although melasma does not require treatment, a specialist can identify it from other skin illnesses that do.
At Homeo & skin clinic, Dr. Anima Mishra offers the most effective treatments for pigmentation in Indirapuram, Ghaziabad which are tailored to meet your skin’s demand. The treatment protocols formulated by Best Dermatologist in Indirapuram are safe for all skin types with assured, long-lasting results when compared to other centers in Delhi NCR.