Anima Mishra

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Dr. Anima Mishra

Acne Causes and Treatment

Acne Causes and Treatment

Acne, often considered a rite of passage for teenagers, can be a source of frustration and embarrassment for many. However, this common skin condition is not confined to adolescence; it can affect people of all ages. From hormonal changes to genetics and lifestyle factors, acne’s causes are diverse and multifaceted. Understanding its root causes is crucial for effective treatment and management. Dr Anima Mishra, a renowned Skin Specialist in Indirapuram lists various typical causes of acne along with possible treatment options. At her Best Homeopathy Clinic in Indirapuram, she provides comprehensive cures for a variety of skin-related diseases. In this blog, we delve into the intricacies of acne, exploring its causes and discussing various treatment options as mentioned by Dr Anima.

What is Acne?

Acne, medically known as acne vulgaris, is a skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. This results in the development of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and, in extreme situations, cysts. While acne commonly appears on the face, it can also affect the neck, chest, back, and shoulders.

Causes of Acne

  • Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations, particularly during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, can trigger acne. Androgens, the male hormones present in both males and females, stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce excess oil, leading to clogged pores and acne breakouts.
  • Genetics: A family history of acne can increase an individual’s predisposition to the condition. Genetic factors influence how the skin responds to hormonal changes, inflammation, and bacteria, contributing to the development of acne.
  • Excess Oil Production: Overactive sebaceous glands produce an excessive amount of oil (sebum), which can clog pores and promote the growth of acne-causing bacteria. This often occurs during puberty when hormonal changes stimulate sebum production.
  • Bacteria: Normal skin-resident bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) can grow quickly in closed pores, causing inflammation and the development of acne lesions.
  • Inflammation: Inflammation plays a key role in acne development. When the hair follicles become clogged, the body’s immune response triggers inflammation, causing redness, swelling, and pain associated with acne lesions.
  • Dietary Factors: While the link between diet and acne is still debated, certain foods, such as high-glycemic index foods and dairy products, may exacerbate acne in some individuals. Consuming sugary foods and beverages can increase insulin levels, which may indirectly contribute to acne by influencing hormone levels and inflammation.
  • Stress: Psychological stress can exacerbate acne by increasing the production of cortisol, a stress hormone that stimulates the sebaceous glands and promotes inflammation in the skin.

General Treatment Options at the Best Homeopathy Clinic in Indirapuram

  • Topical Treatments: Over-the-counter and prescription topical treatments containing ingredients like benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, retinoids, and antibiotics can help unclog pores, reduce oil production, and kill acne-causing bacteria.
  • Oral Medications: Oral medications, including antibiotics, oral contraceptives (for females), and isotretinoin (Accutane), may be prescribed for moderate to severe acne. These medications work internally to reduce inflammation, regulate hormone levels, and inhibit the growth of bacteria.
  • Lifestyle Modifications: Adopting a skincare routine that includes gentle cleansing, exfoliation, and moisturisation can help manage acne. Additionally, maintaining a healthy diet, managing stress, and avoiding pore-clogging cosmetics and hair products can contribute to clearer skin.
  • Procedures: Dermatological procedures such as chemical peels, microdermabrasion, laser therapy, and extraction of comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) may be recommended for stubborn or severe cases of acne.
  • Alternative Therapies: Some individuals may find relief from acne symptoms through alternative therapies such as tea tree oil, green tea extract, zinc supplements, and probiotics. However, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional like Dr Anima before trying these remedies.


Acne is a complex skin condition influenced by various factors, including hormonal changes, genetics, inflammation, and lifestyle choices. While it can be frustrating to deal with, effective treatments are available at the Best Homeopathy Clinic in Indirapuram to manage and control acne breakouts. By understanding the underlying causes of acne and implementing appropriate treatment strategies, individuals can achieve clearer, healthier skin and boost their confidence and self-esteem.


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